Forgiveness in Christianity and Buddhism




Joseph S. O'Leary has written a blog on "Buddhism and Forgiveness."[i] He writes in an effort to come up with a solution for the ongoing hatred and violence in Northern Ireland, and he believes that the solution lies in Buddhism's attitudes about forgiveness and not in Christianity's.

O'Leary writes,
    Christianity is based on the idea, or rather the event, of divine forgiveness: 'God was in Christ reconciling the world with himself' (2 Cor. 5.19). That is correlated with mutual forgiveness between human beings: 'Forgiving one another, as God in Christ forgave you' (Eph. 4.32). . . .

O'Leary goes to comment that in Christianity to be "set right" one must be right with God and with one another. He states that the result ought to be, "the construction of a loving community." He then poses the question:
    Why was this gracious reality so little actualized in Northern Ireland? Even now, when a measure of rational political coexistence has been achieved, there is little cordiality or friendship between the Christian communities of the area.

He then proposes that the solution may be found in Buddhist thought. O'Leary expounds on a preemptive form of forgiveness, by not taking offense in the first place, regardless of the infraction against the person.
    The emphasis falls not on forgiving but on the foolishness of taking offence in the first place:

    'He abused me, he struck me, he overcame me, he robbed me' — in those who harbor [sic] such thoughts hatred will never cease.

    'He abused me, he struck me, he overcame me, he robbed me' — in those who do not harbour [sic] such thoughts hatred will cease. (Dhammapada 1.3-4; trans. Radhakrishnan)

Harboring thoughts and memories of abuses is discouraged, and the realization that each of us is a flawed person, temporarily residing on this earth, is encouraged. If such mental purity could be fully realized, peace can occur. However, attaining such purity has been a very rare, if not impossible thing to maintain.

An underlying assumption in the article is that because the people of Northern Ireland are predominantly Catholic and Protestant that Christianity itself must be faulty, rather than the problem of violence and unforgiveness stemming from the exercise of free will.

The assertion that Buddhist teaching on forgiveness is more effective presupposes that Buddhist countries are strangers to violence. History indicates otherwise. See "Violent Intolerance in Buddhist Burma."[ii]




[i] Joseph S. O'Leary, "Buddhism and Forgiveness," retrieved March 18, 2014. All quoted sections of O'Leary's blog retain his reference notes. The East West Insights blog focuses on the section entitled "Buddhist Approaches to Forgiveness."

[ii] R. E. Sherman, "Violent Intolerance in Buddhist Burma," East West Insights, June 10, 2013.
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